What is pediatric surgery?
Pediatric surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of surgical conditions in children , from newborns to adolescents. Pediatric surgeons are specially trained to perform surgical procedures on children, including infants, toddlers, and teenagers. Pediatric surgery covers a wide range of surgical specialties, including: General surgery: General surgical procedures such as appendectomy, hernia repair, and biopsy. Neonatal surgery: Surgery performed on newborn infants, often for congenital anomalies or prematurity-related complications. Oncology surgery: Surgery for children with cancer, such as tumor resection, lymph node biopsy, and chemotherapy port placement. Cardiothoracic surgery : Surgery of the heart, lungs, and chest, including congenital heart defects, valve repair, and cardiac transplantation. Orthopedic surgery: Surgery for bone and joint conditions such as fractures, scoliosis, and clubfoot. Neurosurgery: Surgery of the brain,